Leading India’s EV Revolution: Electric Rickshaws on the Rise

"Leading India's EV Revolution: Electric Rickshaws on the Rise"The Rise of Electric Rickshaws: Leading the Charge in India’s EV Revolution


Electric Rickshaws are on the rise

Among the scores of three-wheelers with sputtering engines in the crowded streets surrounding Delhi’s mass transit hubs, one can frequently find e-rickshaws, their electric motors humming quietly.

These battery-powered vehicles provide jobs for thousands of people in the capital, provide last-mile connectivity for many more, deliver goods, and help to reduce air pollution. Nonetheless, they are far from common in Delhi or elsewhere in India.

According to the report, e-rickshaws currently account for 83% of India’s electric vehicle market. There are currently approximately 2 million electric rickshaws in India, with approximately 15,000 new electric vehicles being sold each month.

These figures are likely to be higher because many people are still unregistered. The market is expected to sell 925,000 units by 2024.

The main drivers of this massive growth are economic and environmental benefits, as well as a favorable government policy environment.

What are the advantages of E-Rickshaws?

Electric rickshaws are in high demand worldwide due to their low shipping costs, low prices, and ability to travel through congested metropolitan roadways. It is also gaining popularity among merchants because it provides low-cost last-mile delivery, which helps increase profits.

Furthermore, consumers are becoming more interested in e-rickshaws as a result of tighter emissions regulations, higher fuel prices, incentives, and a wider range of e-rickshaw options, resulting in increased demand for rickshaws in the primary, secondary, urban, and rural markets.

Electric rickshaws, among other vehicles, would be a wise choice for last-mile connections. They are regarded as intelligent because they are suitable for urban environments, emit little local pollution, and have low emissions and speeds.

In terms of financial flexibility, the annual credit market for EVs is expected to grow to Rs 3,700 by 2030, according to a report by the NITI Aayog and the think tank RMI India. Two- and three-wheeled vehicles will account for less than 10% of this, but they will be critical in constructing critical projects and assisting local governments in meeting key climate goals such as pollution reduction.

Ownership of an e-rickshaw

Many people in India’s towns and cities now use eco-friendly electric rickshaws rather than traditional bicycle rickshaws. Many drivers prefer it because of its functionality and convenience. India’s public transport has become greener and more efficient as a result of its progress.

According to Vahan’s data, Uttar Pradesh (403,411) is the state with the most e-rickshaws, followed by Delhi (117,885) and Bihar (108,669). There are fewer than 1,000 registered e-rickshaws in just eight states. In terms of e-rickshaws per million people, Delhi has the most e-rickshaws of any Indian state.


Initially, the most serious issues for electric rickshaws were a lack of adequate charging infrastructure and range anxiety. However, due to rapid development, developing shared and public electric transportation in India is becoming easier.

The reliance on imports caused by a lack of manufacturing and production, the high cost of purchasing electric bus fleets, a lack of research and development into batteries and EVs, a lack of charging infrastructure, a lack of battery disposal systems, and outdated diesel vehicle scrapping regulations are just some of the challenges ahead.

E-rickshaws require government assistance

Electric auto-rickshaws can be given an advantage in tourist areas and institutional areas. This is possible with the assistance of local municipal organizations and city authorities. The travel demand analysis completed for CMP can also be used to identify hotspots.

Furthermore, regulatory restrictions on diesel automatic rickshaws may force the use of electric automatic rickshaws. Allowing additional revenue from commercial advertisements on electric vehicles while ensuring the aesthetic and pleasing design will encourage owners/drivers to convert their old vehicles to electric vehicles. The life cycle of electric vehicles is also an issue that needs to be investigated, as are battery disposal methods.

In fact, the number of recharging cycles has a significant impact on the life cycle of an electric rickshaw. After they have been used, these batteries can be used for stationary charging mechanisms such as grid-level storage.

The government should actively promote electric auto rickshaws as an important policy for urban transportation, as evidenced by the unregulated and phenomenal growth of e-rickshaws in many north Indian cities.

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