The EV Platform’s Concept
The world is currently undergoing an industrial transition from fossil fuel-based automobiles to an EV-based industry. According to consulting firm data, by 2025, 30% of vehicles sold will be electric, rising to 51% by 2030. EV consumer preferences are shifting. The proportion of global consumers considering buying an electric vehicle is growing. In national surveys conducted in the United States, 10-30% of respondents expressed a desire to buy an electric vehicle as their next vehicle. Europe reported a higher proportion of consumers considering purchasing an electric vehicle, ranging from 40-60%. China, on the other hand, reported a higher rate of adoption due to strong government incentives.
The electric vehicle market in India is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 49% between 2021 and 2030, with annual sales exceeding 17 million by 2030. These trends will demonstrate the continuous advancement of technology to provide more comfortable and long-range electric vehicles with a wide range of models required, which can be easily addressed by the EV platform technology discussed in detail in the following sections.
What exactly is the EV platform?
A platform is a primary vehicle frame that does not include a power unit (engine or motor), a chassis, or a body. The basic structure is based on the idea that this platform will function as a fully autonomous system made up of many EV components such as the battery assembly, wheels, and suspension system. The length and width of the platform, as well as the number of small batteries in the assembly, will be adjusted in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.
The EV platform allows for more flexible automobile manufacturing.
Why is it necessary to redesign the current architecture?Redesigning the chassis is unnecessary if the manufacturer wants to make automobiles of any size or type. The platform allows for simple changes to the wheelbase (the distance between the front and rear wheels), track width (the distance between parallel tyres), and battery housing. For example, if a car company is tasked with creating a compact and reasonably priced electric vehicle suitable for urban environments, the wheelbase, track width, and number of battery cells can all be reduced. If it needs to build a large electric SUV with a long-range, it should widen the track, lengthen the wheelbase, and add more battery cells.
As a result, a manufacturing platform specifically designed for electric vehicles simplifies and reduces costs for automobile manufacturers.
Previously, vehicle manufacturers reused their old gasoline-powered automobile bodies by removing the gasoline-powered system and battery assembly.
However, in that case, the old concept generated energy on the front side of the vehicle and transported it to the rear wheels, necessitating shaft arrangement and reducing passenger space.
So many old systems still exist and necessitate proper operation of the EV on the old chassis system, which will impede proper utilization of space that may be expanded within the EVs, which will be the primary driving force for redesigning the current architecture.
The EV platform and the Indian industry
Tata Motors, India’s leading manufacturer of electric vehicles, has unveiled a fully electric concept vehicle as the next step in its EV development. The EV concept will be based on Tata Motors’ first ‘Born Electric’ platform, which will feature a variety of body designs with two- and three-row seating configurations and could be ready for the road as early as 2025. The Safari and Harrier EV equivalents could be among the first products built on the new skateboard.
What role does Platform play in reducing the cost of EV production?
According to a McKinsey report, a purpose-built EV platform is easier to manufacture and may save up to $600 per vehicle in lower fixed-cost allocation. Compared to complex facilities that combine ICE and EV lines, EV-only plants can save money on capital expenditures because they only need to assemble fewer components.
List of Popular Global EV Platforms in the Market
|Sr. No||Company Name||EV Platform Used||Car Models|
|1||Hyundai||Genesis E-GMP Platform||Hyundai/Kia|
|2||Tesla||Skateboard||Tesla Model 3|
|3||Volkswagen||Volkswagen MEB||Škoda Enyaq iV, ID.3|
|3||GM||BEV3 Platform/ GM Ultium Battery||Bolt EUV|
|5||Rivian||R1S Platform||Rivian R1T|
|6||Renault/Nissan/Mitsubishi||FWD platform Nissan||Ariya crossover|
|7||Toyota / Subaru||e-TNGA||Toyota and Lexus EVs and Subaru Evoltis|
The disadvantages of a dedicated EV platform
Dedicated EV platforms necessitate significant R&D investment and development time, resulting in higher vehicle costs and delayed market entry.
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